Avascular tumours have the ability to establish a blood supply for themselves by secreting a humoral factor which stimulates their host's endothelial cells to proliferate and to migrate towards the tumour source. The mechanism of action of such a humoral anglo-genesis factor is more than that of an endothelial-cell growth factor since it requires an oriented migration of cells towards the tumour. We report here the activation of pure skin-fibroblast procollagenase by a low-molecular-weight angiogenesis factor capable of stimulating endothelial-cell growth in vitro. The activation was observed when either Type I or III collagen was used as substrate. It is suggested that at least one function of angiogenesis factor is to promote limited degradation of the connective tissue through which it passes causing channeling in the matrix along which stimulated endothelial cells may

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