The insertional mouse mutation Adp (Acrodysplasia) confers a parent-of-origin developmental phenotype, with animals inheriting the mutation from their father showing skeletal abnormalities, whereas those inheriting the mutation from their mother are normal. This parental-specific phenotype, along with mapping of the insertion to a region of chromosome 12 proposed to contain imprinted genes, suggested that disruption of genomic imprinting might underlie the Adp phenotype. Genomic imprinting is the process by which autosomal genes are epigenetically silenced on one of the two parental alleles; imprinting mutation phenotypes manifest after inheritance from one parent but not the other. Imprinted genes typically occur in dense clusters that contain few non-imprinted genes and therefore representative genes from the Adp critical region could be assayed to identify any imprinted domains. None of the genes analysed were found to be imprinted, however, suggesting that other explanations for the Adp phenotype must be considered.

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