The incorporation of mevalonate into nonsaponifiable lipids by chick liver in vivo strongly increased between 1–18 days after hatching. Cholesterol feeding (2%) inhibited this. Synthesis of cholesterol was strongly inhibited, whereas the intermediates isolated by TLC accumulated. Most of the polar nonsaponifiable lipids that accumulated in liver 90 minutes after mevalonate administration to 18-day-old cholesterol-fed chicks were identified as lanosterol derivative. 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase activity, as well as acetate and mevalonate incorporation into nonsaponifiable lipids, was inhibited by the presence of these compounds. To our knowledge, this is the first report of such inhibition; this confirms the physiological function of polar steroids in the regulation of cholesterogenesis in vivo.

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