The existing studies on the association between polymorphisms of Calmodulin 1 (CALM1) gene and the risk of osteoarthritis (OA, a complex multifactorial disease and a major degenerative form of arthritis) in different populations have yielded conflicting findings. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis by systematically searching PubMed, Embase, Medline, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar, and assessing this association by calculating pooled odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals. Subgroup analyses stratified by ethnicity, OA type, and genotype were also conducted. Six studies (2752 cases and 3259 controls) involving six single nucleotide polymorphisms were included. Our data suggested that the T allele and genotype TT of the rs12885713 polymorphism, and the C allele of the rs2300496 polymorphism in the CALM1 gene all increased the risk of OA. The pooled results revealed no significant association between the CALM1 rs3213718 polymorphism and the risk of OA. Stratification analyses by ethnicity and OA type showed that the rs12885713 polymorphism increased the risk of OA among Asians and in knee OA, respectively. In conclusion, the rs12885713 and rs2300496 polymorphisms of the CALM1 gene may both increase the risk of OA. Owing to the limitations of the present study, this finding should be further confirmed in future well-designed studies.

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