Rat bone marrow cell populations, containing different proportions of erythroid cells, have been fractionated by counter-current distribution in the non-charge-sensitive dextran/polyethyleneglycol two-phase systems on the basis of hydrophobic cell surface properties. Cell fractions with a low distribution coefficient, which contain non-erythroid cells and early erythoblasts, showed a low transferrin binding capacity and a low haemoglobin/cell ratio whereas cell fractions with a high distribution coefficient, which contain intermediate-late erythroblasts and mature red cells, showed an elevated transferrin binding capacity and the highest haemoglobin/cell ratio. These results support transferrin binding capacity as a good marker parameter for the erythroid bone marrow cell differentiation and maturation processes.

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