Possible effects of adrenaline, noradrenaline, vasopressin, and angiotensin II to increase 14CO2 production from [1-14C]oleate were examined in hepatocytes from fed L-triiodothyronine(T3)-treated or control rats. Rates of 14CO2 production were decreased and rates of ketogenesis increased in hepatocytes from T3-treated rats. These changes were accompanied by a marked shift of the 3-hydroxybutyrate:acetoacetate concentration ratio towards acetoacetate. Rates of glucose and lactate release were decreased. Whereas the Ca2+-mobilizing hormones increased 14CO2 production from [1-14C]oleate by 64–84% with hepatocytes from control rats, they increased 14CO2 production from [1-14C]oleate by only 24–32% with hepatocytes from T3-treated rats. The magnitude of the response to the Ca2+-mobilizing hormones in hepatocytes from T3-treated rats was increased by the addition of 3-mercaptopicolinate, an inhibitor of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, to the incubation medium (increases of 52–88%). In the presence of 3-mercaptopicolinate, the 3-hydroxybutyrate:acetoacetate concentration ratio in hepatocytes from fed, T3-treated rats was similar to that in hepatocytes from control rats in the absence of 3-mercaptopicolinate. The results demonstrate that hyperthyroidism per se does not lead to a loss of sensitivity, in terms of oleate oxidation, either to the catecholamines or to vasopressin and angiotensin II. The impaired ability of hepatocytes from T3-treated rats to respond to these hormones is a consequence of decreased net glycolytic flux or a more oxidized mitochondrial redox state.

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