This correspondence provides a comment on the recent review article by Yang et al. [Biosci. Rep. (2018) 38, BSR20180557, https://doi.org/10.1042/BSR20180557]

We read the article by Yang et al. [1] with great interest. The study assembled valuable information regarding regulatory effects of angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4)-associated pathways and provided information for the potential development of this protein as a clinical treatment target in eye disease therapy [1].

We have some considerations about their study.

The aqueous humor (AH) is an intraocular fluid, secreted by the ciliary body that fills both the posterior and anterior chambers of the eye [2,3]. The vitreous body [4], also known as vitreous humor (VH), is a transparent gel that comprehends 80% of the eye volume [3].

The terminology in aqueous means ‘containing water as a solvent or medium’ and in vitro means ‘elsewhere outside a living organism’.

In their article, Yang et al. [1] used the terminologies ‘in aqueous’ and ‘in vitro’ referring to Jee et al. [5] research regarding sickle cell retinopathy (SCR). Reading Yang et al. study, we understood that Jee et al. [5] performed a research outside a living organism [1].

However, Jee et al. [5] studied samples of the AH and VH and noticed that the expression of ANGPTL4 was increased in patients with SCR, suggesting that ANGPTL4 might be related to the development of retinal neovascularization in SCR and could therefore be a therapeutic target for the treatment of proliferative SCR.

We believe that the considerations aforementioned might help in understanding the valuable scientific information assembled by Yang et al. [1].

We celebrate Yang et al. [1] for the presentation and offer our respects.

Competing interests

The authors declare that there are no competing interests associated with the manuscript.

Abbreviations

     
  • AH

    aqueous humour

  •  
  • ANGPTL4

    angiopoietin-like 4

  •  
  • SCR

    sickle cell retinopathy

  •  
  • VH

    vitreous humour

References

References
1
Yang
X.
,
Cheng
Y.
and
Su
G.
(
2018
)
A review of the multifunctionality of angiopoietin-like 4 in eye disease
.
Biosci. Rep.
,
38
,
BSR20180557
2
Medical Subject Headings - Aqueous Humor. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/68001082
3
Cline
D.
(
1997
)
Dictionary of Visual Science
,
4th
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820
,
Butterworth-Heinemann
4
Medical Subject Headings - Vitreous body. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/68014822
5
Jee
K.
,
Rodrigues
M.
,
Kashiwabuchi
F.
,
Applewhite
B.P.
,
Han
I.
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Lutty
G.
et al.  (
2017
)
Expression of the angiogenic mediator, angiopoietin-like 4, in the eyes of patients with proliferative sickle retinopathy
.
PLoS ONE
12
,
e0183320
,
[PubMed]
This is an open access article published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society and distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CC BY).