Carbaryl (200 mg/kg or 400 mg/kg, p.o.) significantly elevated serotonin (5-HT) (57–109%) and 5-hydroxy-indoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) (60–78%) levels at 1.0 h in the hypothalamic region of adult male rat brain. Further, administration of carbaryl (200 mg/kg, p.o.) for different time intervals (0.5 h, 1.0 h, and 2.0 h) revealed that both 5-HT and 5-HIAA levels elevated maximally at 0.5 h in hypothalamus. These regional 5-HT and 5-HIAA levels were not significantly affected with pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) at any time after its treatment. But simultaneous administration of carbaryl (200 mg/kg, p.o.) and PTZ (60 mg/kg, s.c.) reduced the carbaryl-induced elevation of both 5-HT and 5-HIAA leveis. Measurement of (i) probenecid-induced (200 mg/kg, i.p.) accumulation and (ii) pargyline-induced (75 mg/kg, i.p.) depletion of hypothalamic 5-HIAA level in the absence or presence of carbaryl (200 mg/kg, p.o.) and/or PTZ (60 mg/kg, s.c.) revealed that (a) carbaryl enhanced the synthesis as well as the breakdown of 5-HT, (b) PTZ had no effect on either of these processes of 5-HT, and (c) carbaryl-induced increased catabolism of 5-HT became normal in the presence of PTZ.

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