This Retraction follows an Expression of Concern relating to this article previously published by Portland Press.

This article is being retracted from Bioscience Reports at the request of the Editor-in-Chief and the Editorial Board following receipt of a notification from a reader, alerting the Editorial Board to unusual repeated background features in the Western blots.

The authors have been contacted in regard to the retraction and were asked to provide the raw images for these Western blots. However as the images provided during the investigation differed from those in the published paper and appear to show signs of editing, the Editorial Board stands by the decision to retract. The authors were asked to agree to the retraction but did not respond to the Editorial Office.

This is an open access article published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society and distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CC BY).