A number of carbobenzoxy-dipeptide-amides raise the bilayer to hexagonal phase transition temperature of dielaidoylphosphatidylethanolamine (stabilizes the bilayer). The potency of the peptides in stabilizing the bilayer phase is Z-Tyr-Leu-NH2>Z-Gly-Phe-NH2>Z-Ser-Leu-NH2>Z-Gly-Leu-NH2>Z-Gly-Gly-NH2. A linear correlation was found between the respective HPLC retention time parameter k′ for the peptide and the slope of the bilayer stabilization curve determined with model membranes by differential scanning calorimetry. One dipeptide, Z-Ser-Leu-NH2, reduces measles virus cytopathic effect (CPE) in Vero cells. The mechanism by which this peptide reduces the CPE is not known, although some peptides which raise the bilayer to hexagonal phase transition temperature of phospholipids inhibit membrane fusion.
Abbreviations Z, carbobenzoxy; DEPE, dielaidoylphosphatidylethanolamine; DSC, differential scanning calorimetry; HPLC, high pressure liquid chromatography; CPE, cytopathic effect