Colorectal cancer (CRC) remains the candidate for one of the typical type ofmalignant tumors of in gastrointestinal tract all around the world, which leads to tremendous death and ranks as the top leading death of cancer. Recently, microRNAs have emerged as double-edged sword in numerous cancers. This investigation aims to discuss the regulative role of microRNA-574-3p (miR-574-3p), elucidating its molecular mechanism and clinical significance in CRC. Herein, it revealed to us that miR-574-3p was lowly expressed in CRC tissues in comparison with the matched para-carcinoma tissues.  In addition, transfection of SW480 and HT29 cells with miR-574-3p mimics prohibited the posttranscriptional expression of Cyclin D2 (CCND2), which then significantly blocked cell growth and cell migration, yet triggered cell apoptosis. Also, dual-luciferase reporter assays proved the role of CCND2 as the targeted gene for miR-574-3p. miR-574-3p overexpression prohibited the activity of CCND2 in SW480 and HT29 cells. Silencing of CCND2 in SW480 and HT29 CRC cell lines leading to reduced cell proliferative and migrative rates, and enhanced apoptotic rate. The suppressive effects of elevation of miR-574-3p on the proliferation of the human CRC cells and promotive effects on cell apoptosis by targeting CCND2 was further illustrated in the in vitro studies. Thus, we hypothesize that miR-574-3p may be served as a prospective therapeutic candidate for CRC.

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