Background: Coronary atherosclerotic disease (CAD) is one of the greatest causes of death and disability around the world, and has emerged as a major public health problem. Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is the most serious type of CAD. Myocardial infarction association transcript (MIAT) had been demonstrated that it plays an important role in AMI. Purpose: To investigated the association between MIAT promoter polymorphisms and AMI in Chinese Han population. Methods: 212 AMI patients and 218 healthy controls were recruited. The lncRNA-MIAT promoter polymorphisms (SNPs) were obtained using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing techniques. Chi-square test was used to analyze the allele and genotype frequencies of each SNP in two groups. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the association of each SNP with AMI. Linkage disequilibrium (LD) and haplotype analysis were performed using SHEsis software. A JASPAR database search predicts transcription factors transition of linked polymorphism in MIAT promoter. Results: Ten single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were found, including rs56371714, rs55892869, rs151057042, rs2157598, rs150465374, rs5761664, rs8142890, rs5752375, rs9608515 and rs1055293700, whereas rs1055293700 was found only in the control group. Single and logistic regression analysis showed that there was a significant correlation between rs5752375 and rs9608515 polymorphisms and AMI, while other sites had no relationship with AMI. These MI association polymorphisms may change the binding sites with transcription factor. Conclusions: The polymorphisms of lncRNA-MIAT promoter rs5752375 and rs9608515 were significantly associated with AMI in Chinese Han population. This result would be of clinical importance for the early diagnosis of AMI.

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