Purpose: To study the mechanism of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) regulated by miR-375 and Sonic hedgehog (SHH) signaling pathways on the characteristics of trophoblast cells (TCs) in preeclampsia (PE) rats. Methods: Female (100) Wistar rats in rut were mated with males (50) at a ratio of 2:1, and 60 pregnant rats were assigned to a normal group (Nor, n=10) and a model group (Mod, n=50) in a random manner. Rat TCs of placental villus were isolated and were divided into 8 groups. The related indicators in each group were detected, respectively. Results: In contrast to the NC group, miR-375 expression greatly elevated in the miR-375 mimic group (mimic group); in the mimic and cyclopamine groups, VEGF, proliferating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA, N- cadherin and Bcl-2 expression, cell proliferation, S phase cells, and migration and invasion ability were significantly decreased and E-cadherin and Bax expression, G1 phase cells and apoptosis rate were increased significantly, but in Over expressing-VEGF(ov-VEGF) group, the above indicators presented contrary results (all P< 0.05). In contrast to the mimic group, the expression of SHH, VEGF, PCNA, N- cadherin and Bcl-2, cell proliferation, S phase cells and the invasion and migration activity in the miR-375 mimic + oe-VEGF group were evidently increased. Conclusions: Over-expressing miR-375 can inhibit the expression of VEGF, thus slow down the invasion and proliferation of TCS in PE rats, which is realized by regulating SHH signal pathway.

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