Tripartite motif-containing 52 (TRIM52) is a vital regulator of inflammation. However, the function and mechanisms of TRIM52 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory injury of human periodontal ligament cells (HPDLCs) in periodontitis remain undefined. In the present research, gene expression was determined using a quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot. The effect of TRIM52 on LPS-induced inflammatory injury was evaluated using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, flow cytometry, and enyzme-linked immunosorbent assay. We found that TRIM52 expression was upregulated in LPS-treated HPDLCs. Knockdown of TRIM52 alleviated LPS-induced proliferative inhibition and apoptosis promotion in HPDLCs, as evidenced by a decrease in cleaved caspase-3 expression and caspase-3 activity. Silencing TRIM52 suppressed LPS-induced inflammatory response of HPDLCs, as indicated by the decrease in interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels and increase in IL-10 levels. TRIM52 knockdown inhibited LPS-induced activation of TLR4/nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway. Taken together, knockdown of TRIM52 mitigated LPS-induced inflammatory injury via the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway, providing an effective therapeutic target for periodontitis.

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