Purpose: To identify a subgroup at high risk for loco-regional recurrence (LRR) from T1-2 breast cancer with negative lymph nodes (N0) after mastectomy by using a meta-analysis. Methods and materials: Published studies on the relationship between clinical features and LRR of breast cancer were identified from public databases, including PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library. High-risk features for LRR in this patient population were defined based on the pooled results of meta-analysis. Results: For the meta-analysis, a total of 11244 breast cancers with pT1-2N0 after mastectomy from 20 publications were included for analysis. The pooled results indicated that age (hazard ratio (HR) 1.77, P =0.001), lymphovascular invasion (LVI) (HR 2.23, P <0.001), histologic grade (HR 1.66, P <0.001), HER2 status (HR 1.65, P =0.027), menopausal status (HR 1.36, P =0.015), and surgical margins (HR 2.56, P =0.014) were associated with a significantly increased risk of developing LRR in this patient population group, but not for tumor size (HR 1.32, P =0.23), systematic therapy (HR 1.67, P =0.20), and hormonal receptor status (HR 1.04, P =0.73). Conclusion: In the current study, patients with young age, positive LVI, high histologic grade, HER-2 positive, premenopausal, and positive surgical margins have an increased risk of developing LRR. Further prospective trials are needed to clearly define the role of adjuvant postmastectomy radiotherapy in T1-2N0 breast cancer at high risk of developing LRR.
Thrombospondin-2 (THBS2) is a secreted protein overexpressed in numerous cancers and may function as a diagnostic tumor marker. The objective of the present study was to investigate the diagnostic performance of serum THBS2 in early stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Serum THBS2 and Cyfra21-1 level were evaluated in blood samples of 112 patients from NSCLC groups and 51 healthy control (HC) groups. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate the diagnostic significance. Serum THBS2 level was significantly up-regulated in NSCLC patients compared with healthy control subjects ( P <0.0001), and the postoperative THBS2 level decreased significantly ( P <0.0001). ROC curves analysis demonstrated that THBS2 was a comparable biomarker as Cyfra21-1 to distinguish early stage NSCLC or lung squamous cell carcinoma (SC) from healthy control subjects. And Cyfra21-1 was observed with significantly improved performances by the combination of THBS2 to distinguish early stage NSCLC ( P <0.05) as well as SC ( P <0.05) from the control subjects. In addition, THBS2 was estimated to perform well in the diagnosis of patients with Cyfra21-1-negative NSCLC (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.73). In summary, the present study suggested that serum THBS2 might be an early diagnostic biomarker for NSCLC.
This study aimed to examine the radioprotective effect of polydatin (PD) on crypt and endothelial cells of the small intestines of C57BL/6 mice that received abdominal irradiation (IR). Mice were treated with 6 MV X-ray (20 Gy) abdominal IR at a dose rate of 200 cGy/min. Thirty minutes before or after IR, mice were intraperitoneally injected with PD. The rate of survival of the mice at 30 days after IR was determined. The duodenum (upper small intestine), jejunum (middle small intestine), and ileum (lower small intestine) were collected and subjected to hematoxylin and eosin staining. Tissue sample sections were analyzed through light microscopy, and the lengths of at least 20 intestinal villi were measured in each group; the average number of crypts was obtained from 10 intestinal samples in each group. Microvessel density was assessed using CD31-positive (brown) vascular endothelial cells/cell clusters. FHs74Int cell proliferation was measured using the CCK-8 assay. PD administration (25 mg/kg) before IR was the most effective in prolonging the survival of C57BL/6 mice. PD reduced radiation-induced injury of intestinal villi, prevented loss of crypts, increased intestinal crypt growth, protected against IR-induced intestinal injury, and enhanced the proliferative potential and reduced the apoptosis of FHs74Int cells after IR. Moreover, PD increased small intestinal MVD and reduced the apoptosis of intestinal microvascular endothelial cells in mice after IR. Therefore, PD was found to be able to protect the two types of cells from radiation damage and to thus alleviate radiation-induced injury of small intestine.