Recently, many mircroRNAs (miRNAs) involved in the development and progression of cancer have been reported to regulate cell growth and metastasis, including microRNA-202 (miR-202). The purpose of the present study was to elucidate the effect of miR-202 on endometrial carcinoma (EC) cell migration and invasion. First, qRT-PCR showed that miR-202 was down-regulated in EC tissues, which was associated with poor prognosis in EC patients. Functionally, transwell assay indicated that miR-202 inhibited cell migration and invasion in EC cells. In addition, miR-202 also blocked epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) through suppressing N-cadherin and Vimentin expressions and promoting E-cadherin expression. Moreover, the dual-luciferase reporter assay showed that fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) is a direct target gene for miR-202 in EC cells. Furthermore, up-regulation of FGF2 attenuated the inhibitory effect of miR-202 on cell migration and invasion in EC. Besides that, miR-202 inactivated the Wnt/β-catenin signaling by suppressing β-catenin expression in EC. In conclusion, miR-202 inhibited cell migration and invasion by targeting FGF2 and inactivating the Wnt/β-catenin signaling in EC.
MicroRNA plays an important role in gastric cancer (GC) development, while the function of miR-497-5p in this disease remains unknown. In the present study, we demonstrated miR-497-5p as a tumor suppressive microRNA in GC. miR-497-5p was down-regulated in GC tissues and its expression was associated with the disease stage. Inhibition of miR-497-5p promoted GC cell proliferation and growth. By contrast, miR-497-5p ectopic expression suppressed the proliferation and growth of GC cells. In addition, miR-497-5p inhibited DNA synthesis and enhanced apoptosis in GC cells. The cell cycle progression was suppressed by miR-497-5p. Mechanistically, miR-497-5p directly targeted and suppressed the expression of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 3 (PDK3), which is highly expressed in GC tissues. Over-expression of PDK3 promoted the proliferation of GC cells. Our study revealed that miR-497-5p inhibited GC cell proliferation and growth via targeting PDK3.