Background: To evaluate the diagnostic value of Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) DNA in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients with locoregional or distant recurrence. Methods: Articles related to the diagnosis of recurrent or metastatic NPC by the detection of EBV DNA in plasma or serum were retrieved from different databases. Sensitivity, specificity, summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curves, and likelihood ratios were pooled to assess the diagnostic value of individual diagnostic tests. Results: This meta-analysis pooled 25 eligible studies including 2496 patients with NPC. The sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (+LR), and negative likelihood ratio (−LR) of EBV DNA in the diagnosis of NPC were 0.858 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.801–0.901), 0.890 (95% CI: 0.866–0.909), 7.782 (95% CI: 6.423–9.429) and 0.159 (95% CI: 0.112–0.226), respectively. The diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) was 48.865 (95% CI: 31.903–74.845). The SROC for EBV DNA detection was 0.93 (95% CI: 0.90–0.95). Conclusion: The detection of EBV DNA for the diagnosis of recurrent or metastatic NPC has good sensitivity and specificity and might be helpful in monitoring recurrent or metastatic NPC.