Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent mitogenic and angiogenic factor for ovarian carcinoma cell lines, which acts selectively through the ETA receptor (ETAR). A previous study demonstrated that ET-1 is present at high concentrations in ovarian cancer ascites, indicating a direct role in the progression and metastasis of ovarian carcinoma. In this study, we investigated whether ET-1 could induce production and activation of tumour-associated proteinases in ovarian carcinoma cells. As demonstrated by ELISA, we found that the secretion of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9, urokinase-type plasminogen activator and plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 and -2 was upregulated by ET-1 in a dose-dependent manner in the HEY cell line. In addition, the MMPs in ET-1-treated cells are consistently active, as shown by MMP gelatinase activity assay. Finally, we demonstrated that BQ-123, an antagonist of ETAR, inhibited the ET-1-induced tumour protease secretion and activity, suggesting that ET-1/ETAR may play an important role in the progression and metastasis of ovarian carcinoma, activating multiple proteinase cascades.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.