During uncomplicated pregnancy, the development of proteinuria is accepted as a poor prognostic sign and is associated with increasing maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. Physiological proteinuria increases with increasing gestation and one of its largest constituents is albumin. The reference range for the (micro)albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) has not been described for normal pregnancy. This prospective cross-sectional study describes the gestation-specific 95% reference ranges for urinary microalbumin concentration, creatinine concentration and ACR in uncomplicated pregnancy. There is a significant increase (P = 0.016) in the ACR in the third trimester. The mean difference is 0.091mg of albumin/mmol of creatinine (95% confidence interval, 0.014–0.168). Our results describe the first well-defined gestation-specific 95% reference range for a point-of-care measurement of the ACR. These data are essential if such testing is to be employed in antenatal care.
Urinary microalbumin/creatinine ratios: reference range in uncomplicated pregnancy
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Jason WAUGH, Stephen C. BELL, Mark D. KILBY, Paul C. LAMBERT, Claire N. BLACKWELL, Andrew SHENNAN, Aidan HALLIGAN; Urinary microalbumin/creatinine ratios: reference range in uncomplicated pregnancy. Clin Sci (Lond) 1 February 2003; 104 (2): 103–107. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/cs1040103
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