PPAR (peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor) is a nuclear receptor. Activation of PPARγ by its ligands could modulate gene transcription, thereby leading to multiple anti-atherogenic and fibrinolytic effects. However, the association between the 161T allele in exon 6 of the PPARγ gene and premature AMI (acute myocardial infarction) is not clear. We recruited 146 patients with premature AMI (onset age ≤50 years) and 146 controls. The C161T polymorphism was examined using PCR and restriction-fragment-length polymorphism. Plasma levels of Ab-ox-LDL (antibody against oxidized low-density lipoprotein) were measured in 27 male smokers, whose genotypes have been identified. The frequency of the PPARγ TT genotype among patients with AMI was significantly higher than that in controls [13% compared with 5.5%; OR (95% CI) 2.7, (1.1–6.5), where OR and CI are odds ratio and confidence interval respectively]. This association was not observed in CC or CT genotypes. Using multivariate logistic regression analyses, we found that the homozygous TT genotype [OR (95% CI), 3.1 (1.2–7.9)], smoking [OR (95% CI), 3.5, (2.1–6.0)], hypertension [OR (95% CI), 3.6, (1.9–6.9)] and diabetes mellitus [OR (95% CI), 3.5 (1.5–8.4)] were independent risk factors for premature AMI. Plasma levels of Ab-ox-LDL were significantly higher in healthy volunteers with the TT genotype compared with those with the CC genotype (49.3±18.1 compared with 24.2±15.2 units/l respectively; P=0.02). Therefore in our study we observed an association between the PPARγ 161 TT genotype and premature AMI. Lipid peroxidation was significantly influenced by the 161T allele.

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