TACE [TNF-α (tumour necrosis factor-α)-converting enzyme] plays an essential role in the shedding of TNF-α, which could affect the outcome of AMI (acute myocardial infarction). To investigate the clinical significance of the TACE–TNF-α system in AMI, we examined TACE-mediated TNF-α synthesis in PBMCs (peripheral blood mononuclear cells), which are a possible source of TNF-α in AMI. Forty-one patients with AMI and 15 healthy subjects (HS) were enrolled in the present study. PBMCs were isolated from peripheral blood on day 1 and 14 after the onset of AMI. TACE and TNF-α mRNA levels and intracellular median fluorescence intensity were measured by real-time RT (reverse transcriptase)–PCR and flow cytometry respectively. TACE-mediated TNF-α production was evaluated in cultured PBMCs with PMA, which is known to activate TACE. Spontaneous TACE and TNF-α levels were higher in AMI patients than in HS (P<0.001). TACE and TNF-α levels in PMA-stimulated PMBCs were markedly increased in AMI patients compared with HS (P<0.001). There was a positive correlation between TACE and TNF-α levels in AMI. Although spontaneous and stimulated levels of TACE and TNF-α decreased 14 days after the onset of AMI, levels in AMI patients were higher than in HS. In AMI patients with in-hospital complications (n=15; pump failure in ten, recurrent myocardial infarction in one, malignant ventricular arrhythmia in three and cardiac death in one), spontaneous and stimulated levels of TACE and TNF-α were higher than in patients without complications (P<0.01). These levels were higher in AMI patients with in-hospital complications 14 days after onset. These results demonstrate that TACE-mediated TNF-α maturation in PBMCs may play an important role in poor outcomes from AMI, suggesting that TACE may be a potential target for the inhibition of cellular TNF-α production in AMI.
Activated tumour necrosis factor-α shedding process is associated with in-hospital complication in patients with acute myocardial infarction
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Yudai SHIMODA, Mamoru SATOH, Motoyuki NAKAMURA, Tomonari AKATSU, Katsuhiko HIRAMORI; Activated tumour necrosis factor-α shedding process is associated with in-hospital complication in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Clin Sci (Lond) 1 April 2005; 108 (4): 339–347. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/CS20040229
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