The biodistribution, pharmacokinetics and multi-organ clearance of the vasodilator peptide AM (adrenomedullin) were evaluated in rats and its single-pass pulmonary clearance was measured in dogs by the indicator-dilution technique. Intravenously administered 125I-rAM(1–50) [rat AM(1–50)] was rapidly cleared following a two-compartment model with a very rapid distribution half-life of 2.0 min [95% CI (confidence interval), 1.98–2.01] and an elimination half-life of 15.9 min (95% CI, 15.0–16.9). The lungs retained most of the injected activity with evidence of single-pass clearance, since retention was lower after intra-arterial (13.5±0.6%) compared with intravenous (30.4±1.5%; P<0.001) injection. Lung tissue levels of total endogenous AM were 20-fold higher than in other organs with no difference in plasma levels across the pulmonary circulation. In dogs, there was 36.4±2.1% first-pass unidirectional extraction of 125I-rAM(1–50) by the lungs that was reduced to 21.9±2.4% after the administration of unlabelled rAM(1–50) (P<0.01). Extraction was not affected by calcitonin-gene-related peptide administration (40.6±2.9%), but was slightly reduced by the C-terminal fragment of human AM(22–52) (31.4±3.3%; P<0.01). These data demonstrate that the lungs are a primary site for AM clearance in vivo with approx. 36% first-pass extraction through specific receptors. This suggests that the lungs not only modulate circulating levels of this peptide, but also represent its primary target.
Biodistribution, plasma kinetics and quantification of single-pass pulmonary clearance of adrenomedullin
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Jocelyn DUPUIS, Alexandre CARON, Nathalie RUËL; Biodistribution, plasma kinetics and quantification of single-pass pulmonary clearance of adrenomedullin. Clin Sci (Lond) 1 July 2005; 109 (1): 97–102. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/CS20040357
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