In the present study, we evaluated circulating pro-inflammatory mediators and markers of oxidative stress in patients with decompensated CHF (congestive heart failure) and assessed whether clinical recompensation by short-term inotropic therapy influences these parameters. Patients with worsening CHF (n=29, aged 61.9±2.7 years), NYHA (New York Heart Association) class III–IV, and left ventricular ejection fraction of 23.7±1.8% were studied. Controls comprised age-matched healthy volunteers (n=15; 54.1±3.2 years). Plasma levels of cytokines [IL (interleukin)-6 and IL-18], chemokines [MCP-1 (monocyte chemotactic protein-1)], adhesion molecules [sICAM (soluble intercellular adhesion molecule), sE-selectin (soluble E-selectin)], systemic markers of oxidation [TBARS (thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances), 8-isoprostaglandin F2α and nitrotyrosine] and hs-CRP (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein) were measured by ELISA and colorimetric assays at admission and 30 days following 72-h milrinone (n=15) or dobutamine (n=14) infusion. Plasma IL-6, IL-18, sICAM, E-selectin, hs-CRP and oxidative markers were significantly higher in patients on admission before inotropic treatment compared with controls (P<0.05). Short-term inotropic support improved clinical status as assessed by NYHA classification and by the 6-min walk test and significantly decreased plasma levels of IL-6, IL-18, sICAM, hs-CRP and markers of oxidation (P<0.05) at 30 days. The effects of milrinone and dobutamine were similar. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that patients with decompensated CHF have marked systemic inflammation and increased production of oxygen free radicals. Short-term inotropic support improves functional status and reduces indices of inflammation and oxidative stress in patients with decompensated CHF.
Increased systemic inflammation and oxidative stress in patients with worsening congestive heart failure: improvement after short-term inotropic support
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Michel White, Anique Ducharme, Reda Ibrahim, Lucette Whittom, Joel Lavoie, Marie-Claude Guertin, Normand Racine, Ying He, Guoying Yao, Jean L. Rouleau, Ernesto L. Schiffrin, Rhian M. Touyz; Increased systemic inflammation and oxidative stress in patients with worsening congestive heart failure: improvement after short-term inotropic support. Clin Sci (Lond) 1 April 2006; 110 (4): 483–489. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/CS20050317
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