The efficacy of CRT (cardiac resynchronization therapy) can be affected by a number of factors; however, the prognostic significance of the LV (left ventricular) lead position has not been explored. The aim of the present study was to examine whether a PL (posterolateral) lead position has an additional value to systolic dyssynchrony in predicting a better survival after CRT. Patients (n=134) who received CRT were followed-up for 39±24 months. The LV lead position was determined by cine fluoroscopy, and baseline dyssynchrony was assessed by TDI (tissue Doppler imaging). The relationship between the LV lead position/dyssynchrony and mortality was compared using Kaplan–Meier curves, followed by Cox regression analysis. The all-cause and cardiovascular mortalities were 38 and 31% respectively. The presence of dyssynchrony and a PL lead position predicted a lower all-cause mortality (29 compared with 47%; log-rank χ2=5.38, P=0.02) and cardiovascular mortality (21 compared with 41%; log-rank χ2=6.75, P=0.009) than when absent. The all-cause mortality was as high as 62% when patients had neither dyssynchrony nor a PL lead position, but was reduced to 29% when both criteria were present, and was between 45 and 46% when only one criterion was present (χ2=6.79, P=0.01). The corresponding values for cardiovascular mortality were 62% when patients had neither dyssynchrony nor a PL lead position, 36–38% when patients had either dyssynchrony or a PL lead position, and 21% when patients had both criteria present (χ2=9.54, P=0.004). Combining dyssynchrony and a PL lead position independently predicted a lower all-cause morality {HR (hazard ratio), 0.496 [95% CI (confidence interval), 0.278–0.888]; P=0.018} and cardiovascular mortality [HR, 0.442 (95% CI, 0.232–0.844); P=0.013]. In conclusion, the placement of the LV lead at a PL position provides additional value to baseline dyssynchrony in predicting a lower all-cause and cardiovascular mortality during long-term follow-up after CRT.

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