Our present study examines, in mesenteric resistance arteries, possible vasodilation alterations, and the role of NO and COX (cyclo-oxygenase) derivatives, in cirrhosis. The vasodilator response to acetylcholine was analysed in segments from control and cirrhotic rats. The effects of the non-specific COX inhibitor indomethacin, the specific COX-1 inhibitor SC-560 and the specific COX-2 inhibitor NS-398 were analysed in segments from both groups of rats. NO release was measured, and eNOS [endothelial NOS (NO synthase)], phospho-eNOS, iNOS (inducible NOS), COX-1 and COX-2 protein expression was also analysed. The effects of the TP receptor [TXA2 (thromboxane A2) receptor] antagonist SQ 29548, the TXA2 synthesis inhibitor furegrelate, the PGI2 (prostaglandin I2) synthesis inhibitor TCP (tranylcypromine) or TCP+furegrelate were only determined in segments from cirrhotic rats. The vasodilator response to acetylcholine was higher in segments from cirrhotic rats. Indomethacin, SC-560 and NS-398 did not modify the vasodilator response in control rats; however, indomethacin, NS-398 and TCP+furegrelate increased, whereas SC-560 did not modify and SQ 29548, furegrelate or TCP decreased, the vasodilator response to acetylcholine in cirrhotic rats. NO release was higher in cirrhotic rats. Furegrelate decreased, whereas TCP+furegrelate increased, the NO release in segments from cirrhotic rats. eNOS and COX-1 protein expression was not modified, whereas phosho-eNOS, iNOS and COX-2 protein expression was higher in cirrhotic rats. Therefore the increase in iNOS expression and eNOS activity may mediate increases in endothelial NO release. The COX-2 derivatives TXA2 and PGI2 may act simultaneously, producing a compensatory effect that reduces NO release and may limit the hyperdynamic circulation.
Simultaneous inhibition of TXA2 and PGI2 synthesis increases NO release in mesenteric resistance arteries from cirrhotic rats
Fabiano E. Xavier, Javier Blanco-Rivero, Esther Sastre, Lina Badimón, Gloria Balfagón; Simultaneous inhibition of TXA2 and PGI2 synthesis increases NO release in mesenteric resistance arteries from cirrhotic rats. Clin Sci (Lond) 1 October 2010; 119 (7): 283–292. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/CS20090536
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