MSC (mesenchymal stromal cells) can differentiate into renal adult cells, and have anti-inflammatory and immune-modulating activity. In the present study, we investigated whether MSC have protective/reparative effects in anti-Thy1 disease, an Ab (antibody)-induced mesangiolysis resulting in mesangioproliferative nephritis. We studied five groups of rats: (i) rats injected with anti-Thy1.1 Ab on day 0 (group A); (ii) rats injected with anti-Thy1.1 Ab on day 0+MSC on day 3 (group B); (iii) rats injected with anti-Thy1.1 Ab on day 0+mesangial cells on day 3 (group C); (iv) rats injected with saline on day 0+MSC on day 3 (group D); and (v) rats injected with saline on day 0 (group E). Rats were killed on days 1, 3, 7 and 14. MSC prevented the increase in serum creatinine, proteinuria, glomerular monocyte influx and glomerular histopathological injury. Furthermore, MSC suppressed the release of IL-6 (interleukin-6) and TGF-β (transforming growth factor-β), modulated glomerular PDGF-β (platelet-derived growth factor-β), and reset the scatter factors and their receptors, potentiating HGF (hepatocyte growth factor)/Met and inactivating MSP (macrophage-stimulating protein)/Ron (receptor origin nantaise). Few MSC were found in the kidney. These results indicate that MSC improve anti-Thy 1 disease not by replacing injured cells, but by preventing cytokine-driven inflammation and modulating PDGF-β and the scatter factors, i.e. systems that regulate movement and proliferation of monocytes and mesangial cells.
Mesenchymal stromal cells improve renal injury in anti-Thy 1 nephritis by modulating inflammatory cytokines and scatter factors
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Teresa Rampino, Marilena Gregorini, Giulia Bedino, Giovanni Piotti, Elisa Gabanti, Adalberto Ibatici, Nadia Sessarego, Cristina Piacenza, Chiara Teresa Balenzano, Pasquale Esposito, Francesca Bosio, Grazia Soccio, Francesco Frassoni, Antonio Dal Canton; Mesenchymal stromal cells improve renal injury in anti-Thy 1 nephritis by modulating inflammatory cytokines and scatter factors. Clin Sci (Lond) 1 January 2011; 120 (1): 25–36. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/CS20100147
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