UA (uric acid) is the final product of purine metabolism in humans and is implicated in many disease conditions. Sustained hyperuricaemia has putative adverse roles in cardiovascular diseases. Despite strong evidence emerging from large epidemiological studies supporting the hypothesis that UA independently influences cardiovascular disease outcomes and mortality, a causal role is yet to be established. Serum UA is also considered as a useful biomarker for mortality in high-risk patients with acute coronary syndromes, heart failure and hypertension and in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Post-hoc analyses of clinical trial data suggest beneficial effects of reducing serum UA. However, these findings are inconclusive and are only hypothesis-generating. In the present issue of Clinical Science, Ndrepepa and co-workers have investigated the prognostic role of UA in high-risk Type 2 diabetic patients with established coronary artery disease in predicting 1-year survival and cardiovascular mortality. These results support the independent role of serum UA in predicting survival in Type 2 diabetic patients. However, long-term follow-up studies are required with serial UA measurement to establish the time-dependent association of UA with mortality outcomes.

You do not currently have access to this content.