Studies investigating the prognostic role of UA (uric acid) in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus have given conflicting findings. We undertook the present study to assess the association between UA and outcome in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus and CAD (coronary artery disease). The study included 3705 patients with diabetes mellitus and angiography-proven CAD. UA was measured before coronary angiography. The primary outcome was 1-year all-cause mortality. The UA concentration [median (25th–75th quartiles)] was 6.44 mg/dl (5.40–7.70 mg/dl). There were 264 deaths (7.1%) during follow-up: 45 deaths in patients of the first UA quartile, 43 deaths in patients of the second UA quartile, 51 deaths in patients of the third UA quartile and 125 deaths in patients of the fourth UA quartile {Kaplan–Meier estimates of mortality, 5.1, 4.8, 5.6 and 14.0% respectively; unadjusted HR (hazard ratio), 2.81 [95% CI (confidence interval), 2.21–3.58]; P<0.001 for fourth quartile compared with first–third quartiles combined}. In the multivariable analysis, UA predicted all-cause mortality with an adjusted HR of 1.29 (95% CI, 1.12–1.48; P<0.001), for each S.D. increase in the logarithmic scale of UA level. The inclusion of UA in the multivariable model alongside known cardiovascular risk factors and other relevant variables increased the discriminatory power of the model regarding prediction of all-cause mortality [absolute and relative IDI (integrated discrimination improvement) 0.034 and 20.5% respectively; P<0.001]. In conclusion, in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus and confirmed CAD, elevated levels of UA predict mortality independently of known cardiovascular risk factors.

You do not currently have access to this content.