Platelets play an important role in the activation of coagulation. P2Y12 receptor inhibition may be beneficial in inflammatory states. Prasugrel, a potent irreversible inhibitor of P2Y12 receptor-induced platelet activation may reduce activation of coagulation in a human LPS (lipopolysaccharide) model. A double-blind, randomized, crossover trial with a minimum washout period of 6 weeks was performed. Sixteen subjects were randomly assigned to a treatment group that received prasugrel or placebo 2 h before infusion of a bolus of LPS (2 ng/kg of body weight), whereas four subjects were assigned to a control group receiving prasugrel or placebo without LPS. hcDNA (histone-complexed DNA), coagulation and platelet-specific parameters were measured by enzyme immunoassay. Leucocyte aggregate formation was analysed by flow cytometry, and thromboelastometry was performed. LPS infusion markedly activated coagulation. However, prasugrel did not reduce changes in prothrombin fragments 1 and 2 (F1+2), thrombin–antithrombin complexes, microparticle-associated tissue factor, CD40 ligand, P-selectin, platelet–leucocyte aggregation, hcDNA levels or the coagulation profile measured by thromboelastometry. hcDNA plasma levels increased approximately 6-fold after LPS infusion in both treatment groups, but not in the control groups. Potent irreversible P2Y12 inhibition by prasugrel does not affect LPS-induced coagulation activation. The 6-fold increased hcDNA plasma levels after infusion of LPS indicates the formation of neutrophil extracellular traps during sterile inflammation.

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