Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the major global health problems, especially in Asia. Nowadays, long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) has gained significant attention in the current research climate such as carcinogenesis. This research desires to explore the mechanism of Prader–Willi region non-protein coding RNA 1 (PWRN1) on regulating GC process. Differentially expressed lncRNAs in GC tissues were screened out through microarray analysis. The RNA and protein expression level were detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot. Cell proliferation, apoptosis rate, metastasis abilities were respectively determined by cell counting kit 8 (CCK8), flow cytometry, wound healing, and transwell assay. The luciferase reporter system was used to verify the targetting relationships between PWRN1, miR-425-5p, and phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN). RNA-binding protein immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay was performed to prove whether PWRN1 acted as a competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) of miR-425-5p. Tumor xenograft model and immunohistochemistry (IHC) were developed to study the influence of PWRN1 on tumor growth in vivo. Microarray analysis determined that PWRN1 was differently expressed between GC tissues and adjacent tissues. qRT-PCR revealed PWRN1 low expression in GC tissues and cells. Up-regulated PWRN1 could reduce proliferation and metastasis and increase apoptosis in GC cells, while miR-425-5p had reverse effects. The RIP assay indicated that PWRN1 may target an oncogene, miR-425-5p. The tumor xenograft assay found that up-regulated PWRN1 suppressed the tumor growth. The bioinformatics analysis, luciferase assay, and Western blot indicated that PWRN1 affected PTEN/Akt/MDM2/p53 axis via suppressing miR-425-5p. Our findings suggested that PWRN1 functioned as a ceRNA targetting miR-425-5p and suppressed GC development via p53 signaling pathway.

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