Healthy development in utero relies on the appropriate exchange of nutrients and other signalling between the maternal and fetal circulations. Disruption to this fine balance is associated with several pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes, including gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This is a complex condition influenced by genetic, environment and potentially epigenetic factors in association with a range of altered developmental outcomes. A recent study, published in Clinical Science, explores miRNAs as a molecular mechanism underpinning the altered function of placental endothelial cells in GDM pregnancies.

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