Abstract

Pregnancies complicated by severe, early-onset fetal growth restriction with abnormal Doppler velocimetry (FGRadv) have a sparse villous vascular tree secondary to impaired angiogenesis. As endothelial cell (EC) and stromal matrix interactions are key regulators of angiogenesis, we investigated the role of placental stromal villous matrix on fetoplacental EC angiogenesis. We have developed a novel model of generating placental fibroblast (FB) cell-derived matrices (CDMs), allowing us to interrogate placenta-specific human EC and stromal matrix interactions and their effects on fetoplacental angiogenesis. We found that as compared with control ECs plated on control matrix, FGRadv ECs plated on FGRadv matrix exhibited severe migrational defects, as measured by velocity, directionality, accumulated distance, and Euclidean distance in conjunction with less proliferation. However, control ECs, when interacting with FGRadv CDM, also demonstrated significant impairment in proliferation and migratory properties. Conversely several angiogenic attributes were rescued in FGRadv ECs subjected to control matrix, demonstrating the importance of placental villous stromal matrix and EC-stromal matrix interactions in regulation of fetoplacental angiogenesis.

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