1. In anaesthetized dogs the rate at which renin was released into the circulation of the right and left kidneys was estimated from renal blood flow, haematocrit, and the V-A renin concentration difference across the kidney. Renin was also measured in samples of renal lymph collected at the same time.
2. The effect on renin release of reducing blood flow in one kidney was studied. For all observations (control and experimental), renal venous plasma renin concentration (RVR) was directly related to arterial plasma renin concentration and to renin release; RVR was inversely related to renal plasma flow.
3. The concentration of renin in renal lymph was considerably higher than that in renal venous plasma taken at the same time. Arterial plasma renin concentration was directly related to the sum of the rates at which renin was released from the two kidneys.
4. Clamping the renal artery of one kidney for 1 hr led to a marked reduction of renal blood flow, to a marked increase in RVR and to a variable change in renin release. Removal of the clamp was followed by increased renin release and by reversal of a previously positive V-A renin difference in the control kidney.
5. On several other occasions negative V-A renin differences were observed. That is, more renin appeared to enter the kidney in arterial blood than left in the renal vein.