1. Peritubular capillary microperfusion was used to examine the effects of protein-free and hyperoncotic homologous plasma on fluid reabsorption by proximal convoluted tubules in the hydropenic rat. 3H-labelled p-aminohippurate was added to perfusates for the purpose of estimating the extent to which tubules under study were bathed by the perfusates. [14C]Mannitol was added to perfusates in order to detect contamination of collected tubular fluid by perfusates.

2. Hydrostatic pressures were monitored in the peritubular microvasculature and adjacent proximal tubules during perfusion. Evidence for secretion of p-aminohippurate from perfusate into tubules under study was determined by collecting tubular fluid from both early and late puncture sites. Fractional and absolute reabsorption were not affected by either the protein-free or the hyperoncotic plasma.

3. When acetazolamide was added to the perfusate both fractional and absolute reabsorptive rates decreased by an average of 36%, indicating that the techniques were capable of detecting a decrease in proximal tubular reabsorption.

4. It is concluded that under the conditions of this study changes in peritubular capillary protein concentrations have no detectable effect on the rate of proximal convoluted tubule fluid reabsorption.

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