1. Two presynaptic mechanisms appear to be involved in the regulation of noradrenaline release during nerve stimulation. The first one, mediated by β-adrenoceptors, operates at low frequencies of nerve stimulation, leading to an increase in transmitter release. The second one, mediated through α-adrenoceptors, is triggered when higher concentrations of the transmitter are reached in the synaptic cleft, leading to inhibition of transmitter release, probably through a restriction in the availability of calcium for the secretory process.

2. It is postulated that part of the anti-hypertensive effects of drugs like clonidine, α-methyldopa and β-receptor-blocking agents may be related to their long-term effects on presynaptic adrenoceptors.

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