1. Data have been combined from three previous series to provide revised standards for the prediction of physiological dead-space volume (VD), arterial oxygen tension (Pa,o2), alveolar-to-arterial oxygen-tension difference (Pa,o2 - Pa,o2) and venous admixture fraction (Q̇va/Q̇t) in the sitting position.
2. These standards, based on measurements in 96 healthy men and women aged from 20 to 74 years, largely confirm conclusions drawn from the first series of 48 subjects.
3. VD is best predicted on age, height, tidal volume and the reciprocal of respiratory frequency. Pa,o2, (Pa,o2 - Pa,o2) and Q̇va/Q̇t are adequately predicted on age alone.