1. The spectrum of transit times of sodium o-iodohippurate (Hippuran) through the kidney can be derived from an 131I- (or 123I-) labelled Hippuran renogram by deconvolution. In the rabbit and pig, as has previously been shown in man, the frequency distribution curve for the transit times was bimodal. Since the transit time is likely to be proportional to the nephron length, the area of the first mode is likely to represent plasma flow to the shorter outer cortical nephrons whereas the delayed mode represents flow to the long juxtamedullary nephrons.
2. This interpretation was tested by simultaneously comparing renography with the microsphere method of measuring intrarenal plasma flow distribution in 12 rabbits and two pigs with a variety of anaesthetics. A close agreement was found between both methods for the percentage of plasma flow distributed to the outer cortical nephrons, thus supporting the use of ‘transit renography’ to determine the intrarenal distribution of plasma flow.