1. The plasma concentrations and urinary output of proline and hydroxyproline contained in peptides were measured in normal rats and in rats with Fanconi syndrome produced by injection of sodium maleate. All animals received a prior injection of 10 mg of the dipeptide l-prolyl-l-hydroxyproline to increase plasma and urinary peptide content. There was a significant increase of urinary output of the two imino acids contained in peptides and a fall in their plasma concentrations.
2. It is concluded that increased output of peptides derived from collagen degradation in the experimental Fanconi syndrome in rats is at least in part due to diminished tubular reabsorption of these compounds from the glomerular filtrate. The results are claimed to be relevant to the increased output of urinary peptides in the Fanconi syndrome in man.