1. Plasma membranes were prepared from parathyroid adenomas in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism and from hyperplastic glands obtained from patients with chronic renal insufficiency. The basal and isoproterenol- or sodium fluoride-stimulated adenylate cyclase activities were measured in membranes in the presence of several vitamin D3 metabolites.
2. 24,25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol (10 and 1000 pmol/l) decreased isoproterenol- and sodium fluoride-stimulated adenylate cyclase activities in membranes prepared from parathyroid glands. 1,25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol (1000 pmol/l) inhibited the isoproterenol-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity. 25-Hydroxycholecalciferol and vitamin D3 had no effect on adenylate cyclase activities. Basal adenylate cyclase activity was not affected by any of the vitamin D3 metabolites tested.
3. These results indicate that 24,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol inhibits the isoproterenol- and sodium fluoride-stimulated adenylate cyclase activities in parathyroid tissues. Such an inhibition could explain the very rapid decrease in parathyroid hormone secretion after 24,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol administration that has been previously reported.