1. Measurements were made of the maximal low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor activities of blood lymphocytes from 81 healthy men with a wide range of plasma LDL cholesterol concentrations (1.45-7.55 mmol/l).

2. Receptor activity was quantified by measuring the degradation of 125I-labelled LDL (10 μg of protein/ml) to trichloroacetic acid-soluble material during a 6 h incubation, after derepression of the lymphocytes for 72 h in lipoprotein-deficient medium.

3. No significant correlation existed between LDL receptor activity in vitro and plasma LDL cholesterol concentration in vivo (r = −0.08).

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