1. The observation that the glycogen content of epidermis from psoriatic lesions and from regenerating wound epithelium is increased has been confirmed by quantitative estimation.
2. In epidermis from psoriatic lesions, although the proportion of glycogen synthase in the I form is only about 5% of the total and similar to control values, total glycogen synthase activity is increased approximately 4-fold and hence glycogen synthase I activity is increased to the same extent. In contrast, total phosphorylase activity is only slightly increased and, since the proportion of the enzyme in the a form is reduced, phosphorylase a activity is similar to control values.
3. In epidermis from psoriatic lesions, the concentration of UDP-glucose is approximately doubled, and the concentrations of fructose 1,6-bisphosphate and of 6-phosphogluconate are increased approximately 5-fold. It is concluded that rates of glycogen synthesis, of glycolysis and of the pentose phosphate pathway are all enhanced in vivo and in consequence the rate of glucose uptake by psoriatic epidermis must be increased.
4. In the non-involved epidermis of psoriatic patients the glycogen content is within normal limits, and although total glycogen synthase activity is increased the ratio of glycogen synthase I to phosphorylase a is maintained at normal levels by the appropriate phosphorylation of both enzymes.
5. In regenerating wound epithelium in the pig, the changes in enzyme activity and in metabolite concentration closely resemble those found in epithelium from psoriatic lesions except that in wound epithelium the proportion of phosphorylase in the a form is increased relative to normal epithelium.