1. Studies in vitro showed that sodium pentosan polysulphate (SPP) is an active inhibitor of calcium oxalate crystal growth and agglomeration and that it acts by increasing the negative zeta potential on the surface of calcium oxalate crystals.
2. Oral administration to human subjects resulted in an increase in the negative zeta potential, which is consistent with an increase in the polyanionic inhibitory activity of urine. SPP may offer a novel approach to the medical management of recurrent calcium oxalate stone disease.