1. The effect of oestrone acetate (in total doses of 5 and 10 mg) on systemic and renal haemodynamics and the renin-angiotensin system has been studied in adult female rats.

2. The administration of 10 mg of oestrogen resulted in a significant fall in renal blood flow associated with significant rises in both renal vascular resistance and mean arterial pressure. No changes were noted in cardiac output or total peripheral resistance at either dose.

3. Whilst the higher dose of oestrogen induced a significant increase in plasma renin activity, no change was noted in animals receiving 5 mg of oestrogen. Both regimens caused significant reductions in plasma and intrarenal renin concentrations.

4. Although renal blood flow correlated with plasma renin activity in animals with a normal renal blood flow, no such correlation was noted in animals with oestrogen-induced reductions in renal blood flow.

5. The present study demonstrates that oestrogen-induced reductions in renal blood flow result from a rise in intrarenal vascular resistance which cannot be accounted for by simultaneous changes in either plasma renin activity or renal renin concentration.

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