1.Following the observation that brain natriuretic peptide enhances the urinary excretion rate of endothelin-1, the relationship between natriuretic peptides and urinary endothelin-1 was further investigated. Six healthy volunteers received, on three different occasions, increasing doses of atrial or C-type natriuretic peptide (0, 2 and 4 ;pmol·min-1·kg-1 for 1 ;h each), or placebo.
2.Atrial natriuretic peptide caused significant increases in the urinary excretion of cGMP, sodium and endothelin-1, without affecting plasma endothelin-1, renal plasma flow, glomerular filtration rate and urine flow rate. C-type natriuretic peptide did not modify any of these parameters. During atrial natriuretic peptide infusion, urinary endothelin-1 directly correlated with plasma atrial natriuretic peptide, urinary cGMP and sodium excretion.
3.These results indicate that enhancement of the urinary excretion of endothelin-1 by natriuretic peptides is dose-dependent and somewhat related to their ability to bind to natriuretic peptide receptors A, activate guanylate cyclase and induce a natriuretic response.