The aim of this study was to characterize endothelin receptor subtypes of the detrusor muscle of the human urinary bladder. The receptor subtypes mediating endothelin (ET)-1-induced activity in the human detrusor smooth muscles have been characterized using isometric contraction and reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction (RT–PCR). ET-1 (a non-selective ET receptor agonist; 10-10 M to 10-6 M) exhibited concentration-dependent contractions in human urinary bladder with a plateau at concentrations above 3×10-7 M. Neither IRL1620 nor sarafotoxin S6c (both ETB-selective agonists; 10-10 M to 10-6 M) elicited contractile activity in the human urinary bladder detrusor smooth muscle. FR139317 (an ETA-selective antagonist; 10-7 M to 10-5 M) produced a marked shift to the right of the ET-1 concentration–response curve in human urinary bladder detrusor smooth muscle (from the Schild plot TpA2 = 7.96; slope = 0.95). In contrast, RES701-1 (an ETB-selective antagonist; 10-7 M to 10-5 M) had no effect on the ET-1 concentration–response curve. RT–PCR revealed positive amplification of ETA receptor mRNA fragment, but not ETB. These results indicate that the ET-1-induced contractile effects of urinary bladder detrusor smooth muscle seem to be mediated mainly by the ETA receptor, not by the ETB receptor.
Pharmacological and molecular biological evidence for ETA endothelin receptor subtype mediating mechanical responses in the detrusor smooth muscle of the human urinary bladder
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Takako OKAMOTO-KOIZUMI, Masayuki TAKEDA, Takeshi KOMEYAMA, Akihiko HATANO, Makoto TAMAKI, Takaki MIZUSAWA, Toshiki TSUTSUI, Kenji OBARA, Yoshihiko TOMITA, Kei ARAI, Kota TAKAHASHI; Pharmacological and molecular biological evidence for ETA endothelin receptor subtype mediating mechanical responses in the detrusor smooth muscle of the human urinary bladder. Clin Sci (Lond) 1 April 1999; 96 (4): 397–402. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/cs0960397
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