1. The effect of α-adrenergic stimulation, with phenylephrine, on isoprenaline-provoked renin secretion was studied in the isolated perfused rat kidney. 2. Infusion of phenylephrine increased renal perfusion pressure and prevented renin secretion in response to isoprenaline. 3. Renal vasoconstriction was abolished and the response in renin secretion to isoprenaline was restored by α-adrenoreceptor blockade with phenoxybenzamine. 4. In contrast, when renal vasoconstriction was prevented by dihydrallazine, suppression of renin release by phenylephrine still occurred. 5. These observations support an inhibitory effect of a non-vascular α-adrenergic mechanism on renin release. It is suggested that the α-receptor mediating this effect is directly related to the renin-producing juxtaglomerular cell.
1. Inactive renin, which can be converted into an active form by acidification to pH 3·3, represents 4–63% of the total renin in rat peripheral plasma. 2. No inactive component could be found in the blood-free venous effluent of the perfused rat kidney before and after stimulation with isoprenaline. 3. This suggests a possible extrarenal source for inactive renin and may explain the presence of this component in anephric patients.