1. Biochemical characteristics of a renin-like enzyme secreted by a pulmonary adenocarcinoma have been studied. A very high renin content was revealed by both enzymatic (10.4 Goldblatt units/g of tissue) and direct radioimmunoassay of immunoreactive renin (23 Goldblatt units/g of tissue). 2. The higher value by direct radioimmunoassay suggested the presence of an inactive form of the enzyme. Indeed 40–100% activation occurred with treatment by trypsin or pepsin or prolonged dialysis at pH 7.4 with or without prior acid dialysis. This neutral activation was completely abolished by a serine proteinase inhibitor. 3. A large fraction of the renin in this tumour is inactive. In comparison with other pro-hormones produced in tumours the findings support strongly the proposition that renin passes through a proenzyme step in synthesis.
1. The renin inhibitory effect of 2-[4-(4′-chlorophenoxy)phenoxy - acetylamino]ethylphosphoryl - ethanolamine (PE-104) was examined both in vitro and in vivo. 2. PE-104 inhibited the rate of angiotensin formation from dog renin and renin substrate reaction. The K i value was 2 mmol/l and the inhibition was competitive. 3. In normotensive rats, infusion of PE-104 abolished the increases of blood pressure and plasma angiotensin I concentration due to renin injection. In renal hypertensive rats, infusion of PE-104 decreased blood pressure and this was associated with a decrease of plasma angiotensin I concentration. 4. These observations confirm that PE-104 is a renin inhibitor.