1. Na+,K+-ATPase activity and its α 1 subunit protein and mRNA in kidney cortex were monitored in rats developing Fanconi syndrome after the administration of maleate. Na+,K+-ATPase activity was significantly lower than in saline-injected controls, although this was partially mediated by a general, non-specific decrease in the cortex protein content. 2. The low activity of the sodium pump correlated with low abundance of α 1 subunit mRNA and protein levels. Hsp60 protein levels were also decreased in kidney cortex from maleate-treated rats. 3. Kidney cortex brush-border membrane vesicles from maleate-treated rats showed a marked decrease in Na+-dependent alanine and glucose transport, which was not dependent on the Na + -transmembrane gradient itself, a finding which is consistent with a more stable effect at the plasma membrane level. 4. The effect of maleate may be partially nonspecific and involve a great variety of proteins, but seems to be restricted to selected tissues because α 1 subunit Na+,K+-ATPase and hsp60 protein amounts were not significantly modified in livers from rats developing Fanconi syndrome. 5. These results show that maleate administration induces a low activity of selected concentrative transport systems and a decrease in Na+,K+-ATPase activity and expression. The combination of both effects may explain the increased excretion of most organic solutes present in rats developing Fanconi syndrome.