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Keywords: haemodialysis
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Clin Sci (Lond) (2010) 119 (3): 111–121.
Published: 28 April 2010
... ). 3 12 2009 4 2 2010 2 3 2010 © The Authors Journal compilation © 2010 Biochemical Society 2010 arterial stiffness calcimimetic haemodialysis hyperphosphataemia non-calcium phosphate binder vitamin D VC (vascular calcification) is very common in CKD (chronic kidney...
Clin Sci (Lond) (2004) 107 (6): 617–623.
Published: 24 November 2004
...Giorgos K. SAKKAS; Derek BALL; Anthony J. SARGEANT; Thomas H. MERCER; Pelagia KOUFAKI; Patrick F. NAISH The morphology of gastrocnemius muscles was examined in RFPs (renal failure patients) being treated using HD (haemodialysis) and CAPD (continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis). RFPs ( n =24...
Clin Sci (Lond) (2002) 103 (5): 511–515.
Published: 23 October 2002
.... The association of calcium channel blockers and mortality in patients undergoing haemodialysis was investigated. A total of 188 patients who were receiving haemodialysis as of July 1998 were followed up for 30 months. Baseline characteristics, including age, sex, laboratory and clinical data, medication...
Clin Sci (Lond) (2001) 101 (4): 329–337.
Published: 04 September 2001
... the second haemodialysis session of the week by means of a whole-body base balance technique. The results showed that the mean rates of base loss and base gain during dialysis did not differ (i.e. the dialysis base balance approximated to zero). The concurrent mean rate of intestinal base absorption was 66...
Clin Sci (Lond) (2001) 101 (3): 219–225.
Published: 03 August 2001
... in haemodialysis patients. β-Blocker treatment is known to improve left ventricular function in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy; moreover, plasma levels of noradrenaline and natriuretic peptides are sensitive markers of left ventricular dysfunction. The present study investigated whether β-blocker treatment...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1998) 96 (1): 67–74.
Published: 01 January 1999
... ambulatory peritoneal dialysis ( n = 30) or haemodialysis ( n = 10), and in 28 healthy subjects. Patients with chronic renal failure had a higher exhaled nitric oxide concentration [39±3 versus 19±1 parts per billion, (mean±S.E.M.), P < 0.0001], a greater nitric oxide output (177±11 versus 96±7 ;nl·min -1...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1998) 94 (4): 431–435.
Published: 01 April 1998
... patients on maintenance haemodialysis treatment and 26 control subjects. 3. Higher body mass indices were associated with higher plasma leptin levels in both groups. 4. The increase was more pronounced in the dialysis group than in the control group ( P = 0.001), leading to inappropriately high plasma...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1997) 93 (2): 119–126.
Published: 01 August 1997
... immunoreactive leptin was measured in four groups of subjects: haemodialysis, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and renal transplant patients and a group of healthy controls. Leptin was also measured before and after a single dialysis session. 3. There was a strong correlation between plasma...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1996) 91 (3): 353–358.
Published: 01 September 1996
...G. J. Flanagan; J. O'kelly; C. Rae; C. G. Winearls; J. C. Ellory 1. Erythrocyte choline transport was studied in 10 haemodialysis patients immediately before and after a haemodialysis session and in 10 control subjects. Choline uptake was measured in erythrocytes from normal and uraemic patients...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1994) 87 (3): 319–322.
Published: 01 September 1994
... diseases have not yet been studied. 2. Plasma immunoreactive C-type natriuretic peptide concentrations were studied by radioimmunoassay in normal subjects, patients with congestive heart failure, non-dialysed patients with chronic renal failure and haemodialysis patients with chronic renal failure. The C...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1993) 85 (3): 309–314.
Published: 01 September 1993
...-term administration of calcitriol. 26 4 1993 11 5 1993 © 1993 The Biochemical Society and the Medical Research Society 1993 calcitriol calcium oxalate calcium phosphate haemodialysis oxalate Clinical Science (1993) 85, 309-314 (Printed in Great Britain) 309 Effects of oral...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1993) 84 (4): 441–447.
Published: 01 April 1993
...Peter Báaráany; Ulla Freyschuss; Erna Pettersson; Jonas Bergström 1. The effects of correcting anaemia on exercise capacity were evaluated in 21 haemodialysis patients (aged 39 ± 12 years) before starting treatment with recombinant human erythropoietin (Hb concentration, 73 ± 10 g/l; total Hb, 59...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1993) 84 (1): 47–50.
Published: 01 January 1993
...Kazuhiro Takahashi; Kazuhito Totsune; Yutaka Imai; Masahiko Sone; Mitsuru Nozuki; Osamu Murakami; Hiroshi Sekino; Toraichi Mouri 1. Elevation of blood pressure is one of the major side effects of recombinant human erythropoietin therapy in haemodialysis patients. 2. We investigated the possible...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1992) 83 (3): 313–318.
Published: 01 September 1992
...M. P. Gordge; G. H. Neild 1. Platelets from patients on haemodialysis showed a loss of sensitivity to nitric oxide, reflected by a reduction in the ability of nitric oxide both to inhibit thrombin-induced aggregation and to increase intraplatelet cyclic GMP levels. Responses of platelets from...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1992) 82 (6): 651–658.
Published: 01 June 1992
...R. J. Fluck; A. C. McMahon; F. M. Alameddine; A. B. S. Dawnay; L. R. I. Baker; A. E. G. Raine 1. Twelve patients receiving haemodialysis for end-stage renal failure were studied at a single dialysis session. Platelet cytosolic calcium concentration, plasma ionized calcium concentration and serum...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1992) 82 (3): 255–258.
Published: 01 March 1992
...F. Stockenhuber; M. Gottsauner-Wolf; L. Marosi; B. Liebisch; R. W. Kurz; P. Balcke 1. Plasma levels of endothelin were measured in 30 patients with chronic renal failure, 32 patients on chronic haemodialysis treatment and 25 renal graft recipients with stable renal graft function. 2. In patients...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1992) 82 (2): 127–131.
Published: 01 February 1992
...Chim C. Lang; Anna Maria; J. Choy; Iain S. Henderson; Wendy J. Coutie; Allan D. Struthers 1. Plasma human brain natriuretic peptide-like immunoreactivity (hBNP-li) was measured in ten patients with chronic renal failure before and after 4 h of haemodialysis. 2. Plasma hBNP-li was elevated in all...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1991) 81 (5): 645–653.
Published: 01 November 1991
...Peter Bárány; Rolf Wibom; Eric Hultman; Jonas Bergström 1. The ATP production rate in isolated skeletal muscle mitochondria was measured with a bioluminescence method, before and during erythropoietin treatment, in 21 anaemic haemodialysis patients. In addition, the concentrations of ATP...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1991) 81 (s25): 483–490.
Published: 01 October 1991
... on maintenance haemodialysis and eight healthy control subjects, matched for sex and age. Five patients had type I primary hyperoxaluria and histologically proven oxalosis, whereas 23 had oxalosis-unrelated renal diseases. Dialysis efficiency was quantified as the K d T d /V of urea. Samples were obtained from...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1991) 81 (1): 113–121.
Published: 01 July 1991
... iron storage determined by computed tomography, as well as by serum ferritin concentration and transferrin saturation. 2. Twenty-one haemodialysis patients with moderate iron overload, confirmed by values of serum ferritin concentration, transferrin saturation and hepatic computed tomography density...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1991) 80 (5): 489–495.
Published: 01 May 1991
... profiles and removal rates of sulphate were studied in 20 stable patients on maintenance haemodialysis. The influence of sulphate levels on the distribution of calcium-complex species was also investigated. 2. Sulphate was determined by ion-exchange chromatography of both serum ultrafiltrates, taken...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1990) 79 (5): 471–476.
Published: 01 November 1990
...Anna-Christine Hauser; Kurt Derfler; Felix Stockenhuber; Oskar Janata; Peter Balcke 1. The generation of the plasma SC5b—9 complex (the soluble form of the membrane attack complex) during haemodialysis was studied in 29 patients together with markers of the classical (C4d fragment) and alternative...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1990) 79 (5): 477–482.
Published: 01 November 1990
... patients with chronic renal failure (mean serum creatinine 5.1 ∓ 1.0 mg/dl) and severe itching. 3. Twelve patients with pronounced pruritus who were on maintenance haemodialysis (serum creatinine 9.2 ±1.2 mg/dl) had a mean plasma histamine concentration of 515 ± 81 pg/ml. Fifteen patients on regular...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1990) 78 (3): 295–302.
Published: 01 March 1990
...Sergio De Marchi; Emanuela Cecchin 1. To investigate mechanisms of extrarenal buffering in uraemic acidosis, we studied the effects of the carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, acetazolamide, in normal subjects and in patients with end-stage kidney disease on maintenance haemodialysis with virtually...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1989) 76 (5): 547–552.
Published: 01 May 1989
...A. Argiles; G. Mourad; C. Axelrud-Cavadore; A. Watrin; C. Mion; J. C. Cavadore 1. Protein constituents were determined in eight amyloid deposits from eight patients (five male and three female), 53 ± 4 years of age, treated by haemodialysis for 9-20 years using only cuprophane membranes...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1987) 73 (5): 515–518.
Published: 01 November 1987
...A. Argiles; G. Mourad; Claude Axelrud-Cavadore; J. Derancourt; J. Jauregui Adell; C. Mion; J. C. Cavadore 1. The protein constituents of amyloid fibrils were characterized in amyloid deposits extracted from surgical material obtained from a 66-year-old patient undergoing maintenance haemodialysis...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1986) 71 (2): 157–160.
Published: 01 August 1986
...M. R. Wilkins; J. A. Wood; D. Adu; C. J. Lote; M. J. Kendall; J. Michael 1. Plasma immunoreactive human atrial natriuretic peptide (Ir-ANP) levels were measured in eight patients with chronic renal failure who were volume-expanded and during treatment by sequential ultrafiltration and haemodialysis...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1986) 71 (1): 41–47.
Published: 01 July 1986
...B. G. Wolthers; S. Meijer; T. Tepper; M. Hayer; H. Elzinga 1. In order to find out whether hyperoxaluria can be demonstrated in patients on chronic (twice a week) haemodialysis, a group of 13 patients was investigated. These included one patient with proven primary hyperoxaluria, one suspected...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1985) 69 (1): 51–56.
Published: 01 July 1985
...Ezio Degli Esposti; Alessandra Sturani; Antonio Santoro; Alessandro Zuccalà; Carla Chiarini; Pietro Zucchelli 1. Bromocriptine (2.5 mg/day orally) produced a significant fall in supine mean arterial pressure in nine hypertensive haemodialysis patients with high serum prolactin levels, without...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1985) 68 (1): 29–33.
Published: 01 January 1985
...D. Saltissi; G. D. Carter 1. 51 Cr red cell mass (RCM), 51 Cr red cell survival (RCS) and plasma parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels were measured in 27 stable chronic haemodialysis patients with a variable degree of clinical secondary hyperparathyroidism. Included were five patients who had had total...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1984) 66 (5): 575–583.
Published: 01 May 1984
.... An ‘in-line’ capillary viscometer has been constructed which can be placed in parallel with an extracorporeal circuit to give a continuous semi-quantitative measure of blood viscosity during ultrafiltration or haemodialysis. By making serial measurements of blood water each ‘viscometer curve’ can be corrected...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1982) 62 (5): 479–488.
Published: 01 May 1982
...G. P. Summerfield; A. J. Bellingham; L. Manlove; A. M. Forbes; H. J. Goldsmith 1. Erythrocyte metabolism was investigated and glycolytic intermediates were measured in nine patients with chronic renal failure who were subsequently treated with haemodialysis. The same' investigations were performed...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1981) 61 (6): 723–727.
Published: 01 December 1981
...N. Muirhead; G. R. D. Catto; S. Gvozdanovic; D. Gvozdanovic; N. Edward 1. Peak 47 Ca absorption and 7 day 47 Ca retention were measured by a whole-body radioactivity counting technique in 10 haemodialysis patients before and after treatment with 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol [1,25-(OH) 2 D 3...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1981) 60 (2): 165–170.
Published: 01 February 1981
...R. B. Naik; C. J. Mathias; C. A. Wilson; J. L. Reid; D. J. Warren 1. Blood pressure and heart rate responses to head-up tilt, standing, the Valsalva manoeuvre, sustained handgrip and cutaneous cold were measured in 27 haemodialysis patients (10 of whom had episodes of haemodialysis-induced...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1981) 60 (1): 81–86.
Published: 01 January 1981
...V. J. Wass; R. J. Jarrett; V. Meilton; M. K. Start; M. Mattock; C. S. Ogg; J. S. Cameron 1. Changes in serum total and lipoprotein fraction triglyceride and cholesterol levels were studied in 24 adults on home haemodialysis. Half the patients were randomly allocated to a low cholesterol (mean 200...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1980) 59 (2): 143–145.
Published: 01 August 1980
...G. Severini; A. Giuliani; D. Maffi; N. Cerulli 1. The relationship between erythrocyte 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG) and changes in blood pH and in oxygen affinity were studied in six patients treated with two dialysis techniques: conventional haemodialysis and ultrafiltration followed...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1980) 58 (5): 427–430.
Published: 01 May 1980
...D. E. L. Wilcken; Vatsala J. Gupta; S. G. Reddy 1. Plasma sulphur-containing amino acids were measured in 19 patients with renal failure on chronic haemodialysis and in 22 normal subjects, to determine the rate of accumulation of these amino acids in chronic azotaemia. 2. Cysteine-homocysteine...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1979) 57 (5): 473–476.
Published: 01 November 1979
.... The mean plasma concentration of 25-hydroxy-vitamin D was below normal in patients with terminal renal failure and in patients who had been on maintenance haemodialysis for less than 1 year. The mean concentration in patients who had been on dialysis for more than 1 year and in renal transplant patients...
Clin Sci (Lond) (1979) 56 (4): 317–324.
Published: 01 April 1979
... and 45 during maintenance haemodialysis treatment. 2. Metacarpal cortical measurements (MCM) were very reproducible (coefficient of variation 1·95%), whereas bone area measurements by histology showed great variability. There was no correlation between rates of change of MCM and bone area over the same...
Clin Sci Mol Med (1978) 55 (1): 89–96.
Published: 01 July 1978
...B. P. McGrath; J. G. G. Ledingham; C. R. Benedict 1. Concentrations of noradrenaline and adrenaline from peripheral venous plasma were measured after 60 min of supine rest in 55 patients on chronic haemodialysis (including six anephric patients) and in 18 normal subjects. In the patients, plasma...
Clin Sci Mol Med (1978) 54 (1): 85–91.
Published: 01 January 1978
...E. Bursaux; M. Broyer; C. Poyart; B. Bohn; G. Jean 1. Adaptive mechanisms of oxygen transport by blood have been studied in severely anaemic young patients on maintenance haemodialysis, in conditions of hyperphosphataemia (P 1 ≥ 2·2 mmol/l) or normophosphataemia. 2. In hyperphosphataemia whole...
Clin Sci Mol Med (1976) 50 (1): 69–74.
Published: 01 January 1976
...P. Ackrill; C. S. McIntosh; C. Nimmon; L. R. I. Baker; W. R. Cattell 1. The clearance of isotopically labelled sodium diatrizoate by haemodialysis was measured in vitro , with simulated extracellular fluid, and in vivo in eleven patients, at varying rates of fluid or plasma flow. Clearance was also...
Clin Sci Mol Med (1975) 48 (6): 521–528.
Published: 01 June 1975
...P. Gosling; B. H. B. Robinson; H. G. Sammons 1. Ionized calcium, protein-bound calcium and total calcium in serum were measured in patients receiving haemodialysis treatment. 2. During dialysis, the ionized calcium fraction decreased and the bound calcium increased. The blood pH also increased. 3...
Clin Sci Mol Med (1975) 48 (s2): 73s–75s.
Published: 01 January 1975
... secretion. arterial hypertension haemodialysis propranolol © 1975 The Biochemical Society and the Medical Research Society 1975 Clinical Science and Molecular Medicine (1915) 48, 13s-15s. Long-term propranolol treatment of resistant arterial hypertension in haemodialysed patients Q. M A G G I O...
Clin Sci Mol Med (1973) 45 (s1): 155s–157s.
Published: 01 August 1973
...J. Tuckman; J.-L. Benninger; F. Reubi 1. Stabilized hypertensive haemodialysis patients, as well as those with normotension, had a greatly elevated cardiac index (CI) that was not due to hypervolemia, but was most likely secondary to their anaemic condition. The hypertension itself...
Clin Sci (1972) 43 (6): 779–787.
Published: 01 December 1972
...Ch. Heierli; A. V. L. Hill 1. Plasma and erythrocyte magnesium concentrations have been determined in fifty-five patients on regular haemodialysis and in thirty-two healthy subjects. The dialysis fluid magnesium concentrations of the former were 0·58, 0·9 and 1·73 mm. 2. There was a linear...
Clin Sci (1972) 42 (6): 673–684.
Published: 01 June 1972
...) in the dialysis fluid. 19 10 1971 © 1972 The Biochemical Society and the Medical Research Society 1972 haemodialysis exchangeable potassium uraemia Clinical Science (1972) 42,673-684. EXCHANGEABLE POTASSIUM CONTENT AND DISTRIBUTION I N NORMAL SUBJECTS AND URAEMIC PATIENTS ON CHRONIC...