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Journal: Clinical Science
Clin Sci (Lond) (2016) 130 (23): 2209–2216.
Published: 31 October 2016
... progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), mineral and bone disorders, anaemia, cognitive decline and elevated all-cause and cardiovascular (CV) mortality. As a result of progressive nephron loss, patients with late-stage CKD are permanently exposed to uraemic toxins. These toxins have been classified...